Dr. Basinger holds two graduate degrees in philosophy. His
earned degrees include: Ph.D., University of Nebraska at Lincoln,
1975; M.A., University of Nebraska at Lincoln, 1974; B.A., Bellevue
College, 1972; B.A., Grace College of the Bible, 1969.
Professionally, Dr. Basinger is an active member of two learned
societies. A distinguished scholar, both in the philosophy of
religion and in ethics, he is actively involved in publishing
books, articles, and reviews. Dr. Basinger currently serves as the
chair of the Division of Religion and Humanities and dean of
faculty at Roberts Wesleyan College.
Religious Tolerance through
Epistemic Humility: Thinking with Philip Quinn (Ashgate
Press, 2008). Edited with James Kraft.
and Religious Belief: An Introduction to the Philosophy of
Religion, 4th edition (New York: Oxford Press,
Philosophy of Religion:
Selected Readings, 3rd edition (Oxford Press, 2006).
Edited with Bill Hasker, Bruce Reichenbach and Michael
Religious Diversity: A
Philosophical Assessment (Ashgate Press, 2002).
Knowledge: Theory and Applications (Lang Press, 1999).
Edited with William Hasker and Eef Decker.
For Freewill Theism, (InterVarsity Press, 1996).
Openness of God (InterVarsity Press, 1994). Authored
with Bill Hasker, Clark Pinnock, John Sanders, and Richard
Power in Process Theism: A Philosophical
Critique (Albany: State University of New York Press,
Sovereignty and Human Freedom: Practical
Implications(Downer's Grove: InterVarsity Press, 1986).
Edited with Randall Basinger. Translated into German, Portuguese,
Indonesian, and Chinese.
Philosophy and Miracle: The
Contemporary Debate (Lewiston, NY: Edwin Mellen Press,
1986). Authored with Randall Basinger.
and Praxis (Winona Lake, IN: Light and Life Press,
1984). Edited with Wesley Vanderhoof.
"Religious Belief Formation: A Kantian Approach
Informed by Science," forthcoming in a reader on Science and
Religion to be published in 2008.
"Miracles: Definition," forthcoming in a reader on
Miracles to be published by Cambridge Press in 2008.
"Religious Diversity in Public Education,"
forthcoming in a reader on Religious Diversity to be published by
Oxford Press in 2008.
"How Religious Diversity Can Foster Religious
Tolerance," Religious Tolerance through Epistemic Humility:
Thinking with Philip Quinn, eds., James Kraft and David Basinger
(Ashgate Press, 2007).
"Predestination" and "Philosophy of Religion,"
Cambridge Dictionary of Christian Theology,ed., Daniel Patte
(forthcoming from Cambridge Press.)
"Religious Diversity," Stanford Online
Encyclopedia of Philosophy (plato.stanford.edu, 2005, revised
"Does God Respond to Prayer?" Contemporary Debates
in Philosophy of Religion, ed. Michael Peterson (Blackwell Press,
"Theodicy: A Comparative Analysis" in Semper
Reformandum: Studies in Honour of Clark Pinnock , eds., Stanley
Porter and Anthony Cross (Crumbia, UK: Paternoster Press, 2003)
"Religious Diversity: Where Exclusivists Often Go
Wrong," International Journal for the Philosophy of Religion 47
"Infant Suffering: A Response to Chignell,"
Religious Studies 35 (1999).
"The Challenge of Religious Diversity: A Middle
Ground," Sophia 38/1 (March-April, 1999): 41-53.
"The Logic of Theodicy: A Comparative Analysis,"
The Journal for Christian Theological Research, 1998. Authored with
"Process Theism," Routledge Encyclopedia of
Philosophy (New York: Routledge, 1998).
"Miracles," Routledge Encyclopedia of Philosophy
(New York: Routledge, 1998).
"Fighting Grade Inflation: A Misguided
Teaching45/3 (Summer, 1997).
"Pluralism and Justified Religious Belief: A
Response to Gellman,"Faith and
Philosophy 13 (1996): 260-265.
"Can a Christian Justifiably Deny God's Exhaustive
Knowledge of the Future?" Christian Scholar's
Review 25 (December, 1995): 133-145.
"Miracle and Justified Theistic
Belief," Sophia 34
(December, 1995): 58-62.
"Petitionary Prayer: A Response to Murray and
Studies 31 (1995): 475-484. Authored with Randall
"The Problem with the Problem of Evil," Religious
Studies 30 (1994): 89-97.
"Granny Weatherall and Systems of
Humanism27 (Winter, 1993): 191-197.
"Divine Control and Human Freedom: Is Middle
Knowledge the Answer?" The Journal of the Evangelical
Theological Society36 (March, 1993): 55-64.
"Simple Foreknowledge and Providential Control: A
Response to Hunt," Faith and
Philosophy 10 (July, 1993): 421-427.
"Process Theism, Evil and Life After Death: A
Response to Griffin," Encounter 53
"Feminism and Epistemology: A Response to
Code," Journal of
Philosophical Research 17 (1992): 29-37.
"Process Theism versus Free-will theism: A
Response to Griffin,"Process Studies 20
"Middle Knowledge and Divine Control: Some
Clarifications,"International Journal for the
Philosophy of Religion 30 (1991): 129-139.
"Divine Omniscience and the Soteriological Problem
of Evil: Is the Type of Knowledge God Possesses
Studies 28 (1991): 1-18.
"Plantinga, Pluralism and Justified Religious
Belief," Faith and
Philosophy 8 (January, 1991): 67-80.
- Reprinted in Philosophy of Religion: An
Anthology of Contemporary Views, ed., Melville Y.
Stewart (Boston: Jones and Bartlett Publishers, 1996): 727-741.
"Divine Knowledge and Divine Control: A Response
to Gordon and Sadowsky," Religious
Studies 26 (1990): 267-275.
"The Measurement of Religiousness: Some
Philosophical Concerns," Journal of Psychology and
Christianity 9 (Summer, 1990): 5-13.
"Miracles as Evidence for Theism," Sophia 29 (April,
- Reprinted in Questions of
Miracle, ed., Robert Larmer (Montreal: McGill-Queen's
University Press, 1996): 93-95.
"Neutrality in the College Classroom: A
Dialogue 12 (1989): 79-92. Authored with Randall
"Process-Relational Christian Soteriology: A
Response to Wheeler," Process Studies 18
"Hauerwas on the Problem of Evil: A
Scholar's Review, 18 (1989): 289-295.
"Hick's Religious Pluralism and Reformed
and Philosophy 5 (1988): 421-432.
- Reprinted in Philosophy of Religion: An
Anthology, ed., Louis Pojman (Wadsworth, 3rd ed.,
- Reprinted in The
Philosophical Challenge of Religious Diversity, eds.,
Philip Quinn and Kevin Meeker (New York: Oxford Press,
- Reprinted in Philosophy of Religion:
Selected Readings, eds., Peterson, Hasker, Reichenbach
and Basinger (New York: Oxford Press, 1996).
"Gender Roles, Scripture and Science: Some
Scholar's Review, vol. 17 (1988): 241-253.
"Middle Knowledge and Human Freedom: Some
Philosophy, vol. 4 (1987): 330-336.
-Response: William Hasker, "Reply to Basinger on Power
and Philosophy, vol. 5 (1988): 87-90.
"Miracle and Natural Explanations: A Response to
Larmer,"Sophia, vol. 26
- Reprinted in Questions of
Miracle, ed., Robert Larmer (Montreal: McGill-Queen's
University Press, 1996): 83-87.
"Biblical Paradox and the Laws of
Logic," Journal of
the Evangelical Theological Society, vol. 30 (1987):
"Evil and a Finite God: A Response to
Research Archives, vol. 12 (1987-88): 285-287.
"Voting One's Christian Conscience," Christian Scholar's
Review15 (1986): 141-56.
"Is Belief in God Rational?" New
Scholasticism 60 (1986): 163-85.
"Middle Knowledge and Classical Christian
Studies 22 (1986): 407-422.
"The New Calvinism: A Sheep in Wolves'
Journal of Theology 39 (1986): 483-499.
"Omniscience and Deliberation: A Response to
forPhilosophy of Religion 20 (1986): 169-72.
"In What Sense Must God Do His Best: A Response to
Journal for Philosophy of Religion 19 (1985):
"Human Coercion: A Fly in the Process
Studies 15 (1986): 161-71.
"Petitionary Prayer in Process
"Inerrancy and Free Will: Some Further
Evangelical Quarterly 58 (1986): 351-354. (With Randall
"Do Process Theists Have a Better Idea?"
in ProcessTheology. Edited
by Ronald Nash (Grand Rapids: Baker Book House, 1986).
"'Portent in Little': Frost's 'Design' and the
Nature of the Creator," in Kerygma and
Praxis (Winona Lake, IN: Light and Life Press, 1984):
132-42. Authored with Harold Hurley.
"Divine Persuasion: Could the Process God Do
More?" Journal of
Religion, vol. 64, no. 3 (1984): 332-47.
-Response: Lewis Ford, "Divine Persuasion and Coercion,"Encounter (1986).
"Divine Omniscience and Human Freedom: A 'Middle
Knowledge' Perspective," Faith and
Philosophy, vol. 1 no. 3 (1984): 291-301.
"Griffin and Pike on Divine Power: Some
Archives, vol.10 (1984): 347-52.
"Miracles as Violations," Southern Journal of
Philosophy, vol. 22, no. 1 (1984): 1-7.
"Flew, Miracles and History," Sophia, vol. 22, no. 2
(July, 1983): 15-22.
"In What Sense Must God be
Omnibenevolent?" International Journal for
Philosophy of Religion, vol. 14 (1983):
-Response: William Hasker, "Must God Do His Best?"International Journal for
Philosophy of Religion, vol. 16 (1984): 213-23.
"Why Petition an Omnipotent, Omniscient, Wholly
Studies, vol. 19, (1983): 25-41.
"Inerrancy, Dictation and the Free-Will
Quarterly, vol. 55, no. 3 (July, 1983): 177-80.
Authored with Randall Basinger.
"Evil and Determinism," Australasian Journal of
Philosophy, vol. 60, no. 2 (June, 1982): 163-66.
"Divine Omniscience and the Best of All Possible
Worlds," Journal of
Value Inquiry, vol. 16 (1982): 143-48.
-Response: David Gordon, "Must God Identify the Best?"Journal of Value
Inquires (1985): 81-83.
"Plantinga's 'Free-Will Defense' as a Challenge to
OrthodoxTheism," American Journal of Philosophy
and Theology, vol. 3, no. 2 (May, 1982): 35-41.
"Humanism, Morality and the Meaning of
Life," Journal of
the American Scientific Affiliation, vol. 34, no. 3
(Sept., 1982): 172-74.
"Lying in the Laboratory: Deception in Human
of the American Scientific Affiliation, vol. 34, no. 4
(December, 1982): 201-12. Authored with P. Livermore and R.
"Manipulation For the Cause of Christ," Eternity, (July/August,
"The Shroud of Turin: A Response to
of the Evangelical Theological Society, vol. 25, no. 2
(1982): 215-18. Authored with Randall Basinger.
-Response: Gary Habermas, "The Shroud of Turin: A
Rejoinder," JETS, vol., 25, no.
2 (1982): 215-225.
"Anderson on Plantinga: A Response," Philosophy Research
Archives, vol. 8 (1982): 315-20.
"Divine Determinateness and the Free-Will
Research Archives, vol. 8 (1982): 531-34. Authored with
"Evil as Evidence Against God's
Modern Schoolman, vol. 58 no. 3 (March, 1981):
- Reprinted in The
Problem of Evil, ed. Michael Peterson (Notre Dame:
University of Notre Dame Press, 1992): 141-152.
"Divine Omnipotence: Plantinga vs.
Studies,vol.II, no. 2 (1981): 11-24. Authored with Randall
-Response: Alvin Plantinga, "Reply to the Basingers on Divine
Studies, vol. 11, no. 2 (1981): 25-29.
-Response: James Keller, "The Basingers on Divine Omnipotence: A
Further Point," Process
Studies, vol. 12, no.1 (1982):
"In the Image of Man Create They God," Scottish Journal of
Theology, vol. 34, no. 2 (1981): 97-107. Authored with
"Nielsen and the Nature of Theistic
Ethics," Journal of
the Evangelical Theological Society, vol. 24, no. 3
(Sept., 1981): 233-238.
"Christian Theism and the Fee Will
Defense," Sophia, vol. 19,
no. 2 (July, 1980): 20-33.
-Response: Thomas P. Flint, "Divine Sovereignty and the Free Will
Defense," Sophia, vol. 24,
no. 2 (1983): 41-52.
"Miracles and Apologetics: A Response," Christian Scholar's
Review, vol. 9, no. 4 (1980): 354-58.
"Frost's `The Most of It,,' Humanism, and the
Meaning of Life,"Religious
Humanism, vol. 14, no. 4 (Fall, 1980): 146-51. Authored
with C. Harold Hurley.
"Christian Theism and the Concept of Miracle: Some
Epistemological Perplexities," the Southern Journal of
Philosophy, vol. 18, no. 2 (1980): 137-50.
"Must God Create the Best Possible World: A
Philosophical Quarterly, vol. 20, no. 3 (Sept., 1980):
-Response: David Gordon, "Must God Identify the Best?" vol. 19
"Human Freedom and Divine Providence: Some New
Thoughts on an Old Problem," Religious
Studies, 15 (December, 1979): 491-510.
"Science and the Concept of Miracle," Journal of the American
Scientific Affiliation, vol. 30, no. 4 (December,
1978): 164-68. Authored with Randall Basinger.
"Evil as Evidence Against God's
Existence," Philosophy Research
Archives, vol. 4, no. 1275 (April, 1978).
Dr. Caton, also Professor of History at Roberts Wesleyan
College, is a graduate of that college (1986). He went on to earn a
Master of Arts in Religion (Theological Studies concentration) at
Westminster Theological Seminary in Philadelphia (1988). He
received his Ph.D. in History (major field American History, minor
fields in British History and British Literature) at the University
of Rochester (1998).
Dr. Caton has been at Roberts Wesleyan College since 1990 and is
a founding faculty member of Northeastern Seminary. His research
interests include American and British Puritanism, the English
Reformation, 19th- and 20th-century American evangelicalism, John
Henry Newman's life and writings, and the work of American cultural
critic Orestes Brownson. He also has an academic interest in G.K.
Chesterton and is a founding member of the Rochester Chapter of the
American Chesterton Society.
The Complete Minister: The De Profundis Sermons of Jonathan
Chesterton the Medievalist" (June 2004) for the annual conference
of the American Chesterton Society, St. Paul, Minnesota
Dr. Cullum holds four graduate degrees, and is an ordained
clergyman. His earned degrees include: Ph.D., M.Phil., Drew
University; Th.M., Duke University; M.Div., Asbury Theological
Seminary; B.A., Asbury College.
Dr. Cullum's teaching ministry emphasizes the seamless
relationship between the academic and practical aspects of
Christian theology. His desire is to assist the local church in
finding renewal along biblical and classical lines. Having been
active in ministry since 1978, Dr. Cullum served pastorates until
1994 when he was invited to come to Roberts Wesleyan College to
serve as College Chaplain and faculty member in the religion
department. In 1998, Dr. Cullum became one of the founding faculty
members of Northeastern Seminary at Roberts Wesleyan College. Areas
of special interest include Wesley and the Methodist tradition,
Reformation theology and history, liturgy and liturgical theology,
19th-century American religion, and 20th-century neo-orthodoxy.
Professionally, Dr. Cullum participates in the North American
Academy of Liturgy and the Wesley Studies Group of the American
Academy of Religion.
Gospel Simplicity: Rhythms of Faith and Life among
Free Methodists in Victorian America
"What Does it Mean to be a Methodist? An
Examination of Denominational Self-Identity in John Wesley, the
Methodist Episcopal Church and the Free Methodist Church"
"Gospel Simplicity: Benjamin Titus Roberts and the
Formation of the Free Methodist Church." In From Aldersgate to
Azusa Street: Wesleyan, Holiness & Pentecostal Visions of the
New Creation, ed. Henry H. Knight III. Nashville: Abingdon Press,
forthcoming (c. 2008/9).
Drafter and signatory of the "Holiness Manifesto,"
Christianity Today (March 27, 2006), available
"Integrating Personal and Spiritual Formation in
the MDiv Core Curriculum," Master of Divinity Curriculum Revision
Folio (The Association of Theological Schools, 2006), 67-73.
"Cultivating Fruit for God," Illustrated Bible
Life, Word Action Adult Curriculum, The Nazarene Publishing House,
Kansas City, May 13, 2007.
Review article: Hughes Oliphant Old. The Reading
and Preaching of the Scriptures in the Worship of the Christian
Church, Volume 5: Moderatism, Pietism, and Awakening. Grand Rapids:
Eerdmans, 2004. 620 pp. Paper. In Doxology (Fall, 2005).
(with Margaret G. Flowers and Wayne G. McCown).
"Eighteenth Century Earthquakes and Apocalyptic Expectations: The
Hymns of Charles Wesley," Methodist History 42, no. 4 (July 2004):
(with Margaret G. Flowers). "A Sometime Diversion:
The Hymn Translations and Original Hymns of John Wesley," Methodist
History 41, no. 1 (October 2002): 295-308.
"Is the Church in Danger?" Light and Life (March
"Where are the Women Leaders? Light and Life
(February 1997): 18.
"From Simplicity to Multiplicity: Sunday Worship
Among Free Methodists." In The Sunday Service of the Methodists:
Twentieth-Century Worship in Worldwide Methodism. Studies in Honor
of James F. White, edited by Karen B. Westerfield Tucker, 173-94.
Nashville: Abingdon/Kingswood Books, 1996.
"Taking a Lesson from U-Haul." Light and Life
(March 1992): 21.
Dr. Dwyer was educated at Aberdeen University in Scotland
(Ph.D.); Talbot School of Theology (M.Div.); Azusa Pacific
University (B.A.); and San Jose City College (A.A.). He has also
studied at Yale and Indiana University.
Dr. Dwyer came to Roberts Wesleyan in 2003 after teaching for
thirteen years at Anderson University School of Theology in
Indiana. His current academic interests include the book of
Galatians and its relation to its environment, and the book of
Revelation and its many interpreters past and present. He has
served as a pastor and jail chaplain in the past, and is an
ordained minister in the Church of God (Anderson, IN). At
Northeastern, he teaches courses in Daniel/Revelation and the
Professor of Theology and Social Ethics
Professor Gerhardt holds a Th.D. degree from Boston University
School of Theology in church history and social ethics. Her earned
degrees include: Th.D., Boston University School of Theology, 2000;
S.T.M., Boston University School of Theology, 1995; M.S.W., Rhode
Island College, 1986; M.A., Providence College, 1983; B.A., State
University of New York at Geneseo, 1977.
Dr. Gerhardt has extensive experience in the many arenas of
social ministry. She taught on the faculty of Roberts Wesleyan
College's Master of Social Work program before coming to NES. Her
dissertation title was: Martin Luther's Theology of the Cross:
Cause or Cure for Domestic Violence? Dr. Beth Gerhardt published,
"Theological Reflections on the Prophetic Call," in Beyond Abuse in
the Christian Home: Raising Voices of Change, edited by Catherine
Clark Kroeger, Nancy Nason-Clark and Barbara Fisher-Townsend. This
essay brings attention to the widespread global problem of violence
against women and girls. Gerhardt argues that Luther's theology of
the cross offers the most useful approach and methodology in its
perspective that roots social ethics in faith. By defining violence
in the theological language of sin and extending the legal language
to include human rights violations, she maintains that gender
violence is a confessional issue that must be addressed by the
"Martin Luther's Theology of the Cross: Cause or
Cure for Domestic Violence," Boston University, 2000.
"Theology First: The Prophetic Call of the Church"
chapter in Pastoral Response to Domestic Violence, Wipf and Stock
(to be published Fall, 2008).
Eighteen (18) dictionary entries for the New
Westminster Dictionary of Church History (Pending)
A Theology of the Cross, Paper presented at
Northeastern Seminary Conference, June 4, 2008.
Global Violence against Women: God's Call for
Justice and Reconciliation. Address at Messiah College, PA, two-day
residency, October 2-3, 2006.
Give Us This Day Our Daily Bread. Keynote Address, Northeastern
Seminary Women's Conference, Rochester, November 19, 2006.
Centering Prayer. Annual Catholic Women's
Conference, Rochester, NY, October 14, 2006.
God's Message and Mission of Peace. Sermon,
Ecumenical Service organized by Orleans County Domestic Violence
Task Force, October 18, 2006.
Where Are You? Chapel Address, Roberts Wesleyan
College, November 18, 2006.
Christian Discipleship: Peacemaking in a Violent
World. Keynote Address at Clarion University, Clarion, PA,
Interfaith Dialogue on Faith and Peacemaking, March 28, 2006.
Faith-Based or Secular?: Components of Effective
Batterer Intervention Programs. A Response Paper, Second Annual
Peace and Safety in the Home Conference, Gordon-Conwell Seminary,
April 21, 2006.
Shaking the Heavens: Deus Absconditus in the
Theology of Martin Luther. Paper, Sixteenth Studies Conference in
Atlanta, Georgia, October 20, 2005.
Listening to the Voice of God: Jesus and Women in
the Gospels. Keynote Address, Northeastern Seminary Women's
Conference, Rochester, New York, October 19, 2005.
Behind Closed Doors: A Theological and Therapeutic
Response to the Issue of Violence Against Women. Paper,
Northeastern Seminary Conference, May 24, 2005.
Prayer, Confession, and Social Justice. Lecture,
Borromeo Prayer Center, Rochester, New York, March 1, 2005.
Theology First: Building A Foundation for the Work
of Ending Violence Against Women. Paper, International Conference
on Peace and Safety, Newport Beach, California, February 25,
International Dimensions of Violence: A
Theological Response, Lecture, Cultural Life Series, Roberts
Wesleyan College, October 21, 2004.
Christmas Presence: The Meaning of the Incarnate
Christ in Luther's Advent Sermons. Paper, Sixteenth Century Studies
Conference, Pittsburgh, PA, November 1, 2003.
Martin Luther's Instruction on Prayer as Pastoral
Care. Paper, Sixteenth Century Studies Conference, San Antonio,
Texas, October 25, 2002.
Baptism: The Key To Martin Luther's Theology.
Paper, Sixteenth Century Studies Conference, Denver, CO, October
Professor Grimm's earned degrees include: Ph.D. from the
University at Buffalo; M.S., Canisius College; M.Div., Asbury
Theological Seminary; B.A., Roberts Wesleyan College. His doctoral
research considered the relationships between religiosity,
spirituality, and life satisfaction.
Dr. Grimm brings to Northeastern Seminary extensive ministry
experience - pastoring, Conference Superintendent within the Free
Methodist Church of North America, and Chaplain - as well as
interacting with other pastors, churches, and organizations in
leadership/advisory capacities. He serves as a member of the
Ministerial Education and Guidance Board of the Genesee Conference
of the Free Methodist Church, is a clinical member of the
Association for Clinical Pastoral Education, and a member of the
Evangelical Association of Theological Field Educators. Such
expertise provides the Seminary with a strong internship program.
Dr. Grimm will also be teaching in the area of Applied
Effective Personnel Policies, Bishop's Area
Cabinet, Bradenton, Florida (2/26/99)
Pastoral Leadership Development, Bishop's Area
Cabinet, Atlanta, GA.
Managing the Church in Crisis: A Case Study,
Bishop's Area Cabinet, Charlotte, NC.
Managing Grief, Staff In-Service Training Session,
Gowanda Nursing Home, Gowanda, NY.
The Spiritual Needs of the Dying Patient, Nursing
In-Service Training Session, Tri-County Memorial Hospital, Gowanda,
Personal Mortality, Volunteer Training Class for
the Caring Coalition of Gowanda, Gowanda, NY.
The Patient as a Person, Volunteer Training Class
for Hospice Buffalo Inc., Buffalo, NY.
Ministering to the Needs of the Sick, Western New
York Minister's Conference, Free Methodist Church.
Assistant Professor of Biblical Theology and Exegesis
Lectures, Seminars, Sermons
Dr. Gupta has earned the following degrees: Ph.D.
University of Durham (England); M.Div. & Th.M., Gordon-Conwell
Theological Seminary; B.A., Miami University of Ohio. Dr. Gupta has
been active in scholarship over the past several years. He has
published articles in such periodicals as Journal for the Study of
the New Testament, Bulletin for Biblical Research, Neotestamentica,
The Catholic Biblical Quarterly, Journal of Greco-Roman
Christianity and Judaism, and the Journal for the Study of the
Pseudepigrapha. Dr. Gupta published his dissertation under the
title Worship That Makes Sense to Paul: A New Approach to the
Theology and Ethics of His Cultic Metaphors (Walter de Gruyter).
More recently, he wrote a commentary on Colossians for the Smyth
& Helwys Biblical Commentary series. Currently, he serves as
co-editor of the Journal for the Study of Paul and His Letters and
sits on the administrative board of the Institute for Biblical
Dr. Gupta's research interests focus on Paul's letters and the
Gospels, and include topics such as Biblical theology, hermeneutics
and exegesis, early Judaism, ethics and discipleship, and
Christology. He writes regularly for the academic blog "Crux Sola"
Dr. Hamilton holds the following degrees: Ph.D., Drew
University, 1993; M.L.S., University of North Texas, 1994; M.Phil.,
Drew University, 1991; M.Div., Nazarene Theological Seminary,
Dr. Hamilton brings to Northeastern Seminary extensive
experience as an author of a book and various articles and papers,
as well as experience in pastoral ministry for eight years. He is
an ordained elder in the Free Methodist Church. Additionally, he
served as assistant librarian at United Theological Seminary,
Dayton, Ohio, for five years, taught church history and research
methods, and served as core faculty for the Doctor of Ministry
program. He has taught seminary courses in Nigeria, served as a
library consultant in Kenya, carried out research at Oxford and
Cambridge Universities, and is under contract for a new book on
Richard Watson's Theology. He is a co-founder and charter member of
a new regional theological library association for Upstate New
York. Research interests include the 19th Century Holiness
movement, Early American Methodism, Revivalism, and Contemplative
Baxter Godbey: Itinerant Apostle of the Holiness Movement.
Studies in American Religion 72. Lewiston, NY: Edwin Mellen Press,
2000. 306 pages.
"Action Research for Theological Librarians: A
Bibliographic Essay." Theological Librarianship 1:1 (2008),
"The 'Eternal Sonship' Controversy in Early British
Methodism."Wesleyan Theological Journal 40:2 (Fall 2005),
"The Corsicana Enthusiasts: A Pre-Pentecostal Millennial
Sect."Wesleyan Theological Journal 39:1 (Spring 2004),
"A Model for Teaching Research Methods in
Theological Education." Summary of Proceedings, Fifty-seventh
Annual Conference of the American Theological Library Association,
Portland, OR (26-28 June 2003), 154-174.
The American Midwest: An Interpretive
Encyclopedia. Bloomington, IN: Indiana University Press, 2006. s.v.
The American Midwest: An Interpretive
Encyclopedia. Bloomington, IN: Indiana University Press, 2006. s.v.
"Daniel S. Warner."
"The Moral Philosophy of Asa Shinn." Methodist History
XL:3 (April 2002), 168-181.
"William Baxter Godbey: Apostle of Holiness." Wesleyan
Theological Journal 36:2 (Fall 2001), 144-163.
Historical Dictionary of the Holiness Movement,
ed. William Kostlevy. Lanham, MD: Scarecrow Press, 2001. s.v.
"William Baxter Godbey."
"Introduction to Theological Reference Work."
Summary of Proceedings, Fifty-third Annual Conference of the
American Theological Library Association, Loyola
University/Lakeshore Campus, Chicago, IL (9-12 June 1999),
"Preaching the 'Narrow Way': William B. Godbey's
Homiletical Agenda for the Early Holiness Movement." Methodist
History XXXVIII, no. 1 (October 1999), 40-52.
Churches: Remembering Who We Are." God's Revivalist and
Bible Advocate, October 2002.
Dr. Letterman has a M.Div. from Northeastern Seminary. Her other
degrees include: Ph.D. in Linguistics, Cornell University, 1997;
M.A. in Linguistics, Syracuse University, 1990; B.A. in English,
Roberts Wesleyan College, 1985.
Dr. Letterman was ordained through Covenant Church of
Pittsburgh, 2004. She completed a two-year certification program in
Formative Spirituality at the Epiphany Academy of Formative
Spirituality, Pittsburgh, PA, 2004, where she has been an adjunct
faculty member for the past four years. Dr. Letterman's research
interests include the intersection of language, theology and
Dr. Livermore's earned degrees include: Ph.D., Th.M., Princeton
Theological Seminary; M.Div., Asbury Theological Seminary; A.B.,
Greenville College. He is an ordained elder in the Free Methodist
Church. Dr. Livermore has served as a pastor and as a teacher. He
joined the Roberts Wesleyan College faculty in 1976 and shared in
the conception, birth, and development of Northeastern
Dr. Livermore's doctoral program involved the study of Second
Temple Judaism and the dialogue between early Christianity and
Judaism out of which it was born. Over the last two decades his
research into the New Testament and early Judaism has continued,
but it has also expanded to include, in particular, patristic
Christianity and Wesley. All of these studies inform his work both
as a seminary professor and as a member of the Study Commission on
Doctrine of the Free Methodist Church on which he has served since
1979. In partial fulfillment of his responsibility on the Study
Commission, he has written a Catechism for the Free Methodist
Church and the first of a two-volume systematic theology (The God
of Our Salvation). He is currently working on the second
Papers and Books
"The Lectionary: A Guide for Selecting Scripture
Lessons During the Church Year" (published as a part of the
Pastor's Hand¬book for the FMC, 1985)
"The Lord's Supper" (a ritual adopted by the 1989
General Conference as an alternate ritual)
"Historical Uses of the General Rule" (in the 1995
SCOD report to the General Conference)
"Theological Compendium" (in the 1995 SCOD report
to the General Conference)
"A Comparison of the Historical Forms of the
Article of Religion on Entire Sanctification" (in the 2003 SCOD
report to the General Conference).
The God of Our Salvation: Systematic Theology from
the Wesleyan Perspective (Light and Life Press, 1995).
Foundations of a Living Faith: The Catechism of
the Free Methodist Church (Light and Life Communication, 1996)
"Christian Excellence and the Sermon on the
Mount," Asbury Semi¬narian (1973)
"The Shepherd Scale: Separating the Sheep from the
Goats," in Journal of Psychology and Theology (Winter, 1981) with
Rodney L. Bassett and others
"Lying in the Laboratory: Deception in Human
Research from Psy¬chological, Philosophical, and Theological
Perspectives," Journal of American Scientific Affiliation
(December, 1982) with Rodney L. Bassett and David Basinger
"Synaxis and Eucharistia: An Examination of the
Structure of Public Worship," in a Festschrift for Stanley R.
Magill, Kerygma and Praxis, ed. Wesley Vanderhoof and David
Basinger (Winona Lake, IN; Light and Life, 1984), pp. 99-112
"The Precious Instrument: A Study of the Concept
of the Law in Judaism and Evangelicalism," Wesleyan Theological
Journal, 22:1 (1987), pp. 16-37
"The Holy Spirit in the New Age," The Spirit in
the New Age (Wesleyan Theological Perspectives, vol. 5; Anderson,
IN: Warner, 1986), pp. 443-483
"The Form and the Power of Godliness: The
Historical Uses of the General Rules for the United Socieities," in
Canadian Methodist Historical Society: Papers (Toronoto: 1991,
"The Formative Document of a Denomination
Aborning: The Free Methodist Discipline (1860)," in Religious
Writings and Religious Systems: Systemic Analysis of Holy Books in
Christianity, Islam, Buddhism, Greco-Roman Religions, Ancient
Israel, and Judaism, ed. by Jacob Neusner, Ernest S. Frerichs, and
A.J. Levine, vol. 1 (Brown Studies in Religion, 02; Atlanta,
Georgia: Scholars Press, 1989), pp. 175-195.
Ph.D., President; B.A., Wheaton College, 1971; Th.M., Dallas
Theological Seminary, 1975; Th.D., Dallas Theological Seminary,
1980; Ph.D., University of North Texas, 1991. At RWC since
President Martin is also a member of several organizations
including the American Academy of Religion, the American
Association of Higher Education, the International Organization of
Septuagint and Cognate Studies, and the Society of Biblical
"Christ as Fulfillment of the Law, Matthew
5:17-20," in Israel and the Church, Essays in Contemporary
Dispensational Thought, ed. Craig Blaising and Darrell Bock (Grand
Rapids: Zondervan, 1992).
"The Last Years of Dallas Bible College--1983-85,"
unpublished doctoral dissertation, University of North Texas, May
"Dispensational Approaches to the Sermon on the
Mount," in Essays in Honor of J. Dwight Pentecost, ed. Stanley D.
Toussaint and Charles H. Dyer (Chicago: Moody Press, 1986).
"The Structure of 1 and 2 Samuel," Bibliotheca
Sacra 141 (January-March, 1984): 28-42.
"The Literary Quality of 1 and 2 Samuel,"
Bibliotheca Sacra 141 (April-June, 1984): 131-145.
"The Text of Samuel," Bibliotheca Sacra 141
(July-September, 1984): 209-22.
"The Theology of Samuel," Bibliotheca Sacra 141
(October-December, 1984): 303-14.
Isaiah: The Glory of Messiah, Alfred Martin,
coauthor (Chicago: Moody Press, 1983).
"Luke, Isaiah, Esther, Ezra, Micah," The Bible
Knowledge Commentary, ed. John F. Walvoord and Roy B. Zuck
(Wheaton, IL: Victor Books, 1983).
"A Critical Analysis of the Fourth Column of
Origen's Hexapla in 4 Reigns (2 Kings)," unpublished doctoral
dissertation, Dallas Theological Seminary, August, 1980.
Professor Middleton has a Ph.D. from the Vrije Universiteit,
Amsterdam, in a joint-degree program with the Institute of
Christian Studies, Toronto. His other degrees include: M.A. in
Philosophy, University of Guelph, 1985, and B.Th., Jamaica
Theological Seminary, 1977.
He has done additional graduate studies in the Old Testament at
Colgate Rochester Divinity School (1986-1988), and in religious
studies and philosophy at Syracuse University (1984-1985). He is
widely published in religious periodicals and journals, as well as
the author of four books. Special areas of interest are Old
Testament theology, the Christian worldview, the books of Genesis
and Samuel, the doctrine of Creation, and Christianity and
1 and 2 Samuel. Abingdon Old Testament
Commentaries (Forthcoming from Abingdon Press).
A New Heaven and a New Earth: The Bible's Holistic
Vision of the Redemption of Creation (Forthcoming from Brazos
The Liberating Image: The Imago Dei in Genesis 1
(Grand Rapids: Brazos Press, 2005). Translated and published in
Truth is Stranger Than It Used to Be: Biblical
Faith in a Postmodern Age (Downers Grove, IL: InterVarsity Press,
1995). Co-authored with Brian Walsh. British edition published by
SPCK (1995) in the "Gospel and Culture" series. Selected as a 1996
Book Award winner by Christianity Today. Translated and published
in Korean (2007).
The Advent of Justice: A Book of Meditations
(Toronto, ON: CJL Foundation, 1993). Co-authored with Brian Walsh,
Mark Vander Vennen and Sylvia Keesmaat. Adopted as a 1993 Advent
study guide by the Anglican Church, Diocese of Toronto. Revised
edition published by Dordt College Press, 1994.
The Transforming Vision: Shaping a Christian World
View (Downers Grove, IL: InterVarsity Press, 1984). Co-authored
with Brian Walsh. Translated and published in Korean (1987), French
(1988), Indonesian (2001), Spanish (2003), and Portuguese
Essays and Articles
"Salvation." Article for the New Interpreter's
Dictionary of the Bible, vol. 5, ed. by Katharine Doob Sakenfeld et
al. (Nashville: Abingdon Press, 2009), 45-61. Coauthored with
Michael J. Gorman.
"Violence." Article for the New Interpreter's
Dictionary of the Bible, vol. 5, ed. by Katharine Doob Sakenfeld et
al. (Nashville: Abingdon Press, 2009), 783-784.
"From the Clenched Fist to the Open Hand: A
Postmodern Reading of the Twenty-Third Psalm." In The Strategic
Smorgasbord of Postmodernity: Literature and the Christian Critic,
ed. by Deborah C. Bowen (Newcastle, UK: Cambridge Scholars
Publishing, 2007), 307-325.
"A New Heaven and a New Earth: The Case for a
Holistic Reading of the Biblical Story of Redemption." Journal for
Christian Theological Research, vol. 11 (2006): 73-97. Published
Book review of Terence E. Fretheim, God and World
in the Old Testament: A Relational Theology of Creation (Nashville:
Abingdon, 2005). In the Journal of Hebrew Scriptures, vol. 6
(2006). Published online: <http://www.arts.ualberta.ca/JHS/reviews/review228.htm>
"Created in the Image of a Violent God? The
Ethical Problem of the Conquest of Chaos in Biblical Creation
Texts." Interpretation 58/4 (2004): 341-55.
"The Battle Belongs to the Word: The Role of
Theological Discourse in David's Victory over Saul and Goliath in 1
Samuel 17." In The Hermeneutics of Charity: Interpretation,
Selfhood, and Postmodern Faith, ed. by James K. A. Smith and Henry
Isaac Venema (Grand Rapids, MI: Brazos Press, 2004), 109-131.
"Creation Founded in Love: Breaking Rhetorical
Expectations in Genesis 1:1-2:3." In Sacred Texts, Secular Times:
The Hebrew Bible in the Modern World, ed. by Leonard Jay Greenspoon
and Bryan F. LeBeau (Studies in Jewish Civilization 10; Omaha:
Creighton University Press, 2000), 47-85.
"Identity and Subversion in Babylon: Strategies
for 'Resisting Against the System' in the Music of Bob Marley and
the Wailers." Chapter 9 in Religion, Culture and Tradition in the
Caribbean, ed. by Hemchand Gossai and N. Samuel Murrell (New York:
St. Martin's Press, 2000), 181-204.
"Curiosity Killed the Cat (Or, the Outrageous Hope
of Reformational Scholarship and Practice)." In Perspective, 32/4
(December 1998): i-iv.
"Why the 'Greater Good' Isn't a Defense: Classical
Theodicy in Light of the Biblical Genre of Lament." Koinonia vol.
9, nos. 1&2 (Fall 1997): 81-113. Winner of the annual Fall
essay competition of the Princeton Graduate Theological Forum.
Published with five response essays.
"Cockburn's Prophetic Passion Linked with Poetic
Depth in Charity." CD review of Bruce Cockburn, The Charity of
Night. In Christian Info News (August 1997). Co-authored with Brian
Walsh. On the web at <http://www.canadianchristianity.com/august97/cockburn.html>.
"On Reading Texts in a Postmodern Time: A Response
to Douglas Harink," Canadian Evangelical Review (Fall 1996).
Co-authored with Brian Walsh. An invited response to a book review
of Middleton and Walsh's Truth Is Stranger Than It Used to Be:
Biblical Faith in a Postmodern Age (1995).
"Parables of Compassion and Judgement: Opening
Meditations for a Creation-Order Tradition." In An Ethos of
Compassion and the Integrity of Creation, ed. by Brian J. Walsh,
Hendrik Hart and Robert E. VanderVennen (Lanham, MD, New York and
London: University Press of America, 1995), 4-16.
"Facing the Postmodern Scalpel: Can the Christian
Faith Withstand Deconstruction?" Chapter 7 in Christian Apologetics
in the Postmodern World, ed. by Timothy R. Phillips and Dennis L.
Okholm (Downers Grove, IL: InterVarsity Press, 1995). Co-authored
with Brian Walsh.
"Voices from the Ragged Edge: How the Psalms Can
Help Us Process Pain." Canadian Theological Society Newsletter/
Communiqué de la société théologique canadienne 14/1 (November
1994): 4-7. Reprinted in Perspective 29/1 (March 1995): 4-5.
"Is Creation Theology Inherently Conservative? A
Dialogue with Walter Brueggemann." Harvard Theological Review 87/3
(1994): 257-277. Published with Brueggemann's "Response to J.
Richard Middleton," 279-289
"The Liberating Image?
Interpreting the Imago Dei in Context." Christian Scholar's Review
24/1 (1994): 8-25. On web at: <
"Image of God." Article for the
Dictionary of Scripture and Ethics, ed.
by Joel Green, Jacqueline Lapsley, Rebekah Miles, and Allen Verhey
(Forthcoming from Baker Academic Press)
"Based on Creation." In The Transforming Vision: Living and
Learning in Community, ed. by Laurie A. Schreiner (Acton, MA:
Tapestry Press, 1994), 72-81. Reprint of chapter 3 from Walsh and
Middleton, The Transforming Vision (1984).
"Let's Put Herod Back into Christmas." The
Catalyst 16/8-9 (Nov-Dec, 1993). Awarded first prize by the
Canadian Church Press for best "Theological
Reflection-Inspirational." Reprinted in the Hamilton Spectator,
December 22, 1993, the London Free Press, December 17, 1994, the
Menonite Brethren Herald, December 1994, the Canada Lutheran,
December 1994, the Prairie Messenger, December 1994, the Rochester
Democrat and Chronicle, December 20, 1998, and Roberts Today
(alumni magazine of Roberts Wesleyan College), Winter 2004.
"Theology at the Rim of a Broken Wheel: Bruce
Cockburn and Christian Faith in a Postmodern World." Grail: An
Ecumenical Journal 9/2 (June 1993): 15-39. Co-authored with Brian
Walsh. On the web at:
and at <
"Are Christians Other-Worldly?" In Exploring
Apologetics: Selected Readings (Grand Rapids, MI: Christian Schools
International, 1992). Reprint of Myth #5 from Carkner, Gruning,
Middleton and Toombs, Ten Myths About Christianity (rev. ed.,
"Dancing in the Dragon's Jaws: Imaging God at the
End of the Twentieth Century." The Crucible 2/3 (Spring 1992):
11-18. Co-authored with Brian Walsh.
Ten Myths About Christianity. Privately published
booklet on apologetics, 1983. Rev. ed. 1984 accompanied by a
ten-poster display set. Co-authored with Gordon Carkner, Herb
Gruning and Bruce Toombs. Distributed in North America through
Inter-Varsity Christian Fellowship and worldwide through the
International Fellowship of Evangelical Students.